Tulou may be a reasonably material homes, engineered by Hakka dialect and Minnan peoples within the mountainous and rural areas of south-eastern China, principally within the province of Fujian. They were principally engineered between the twelfth and therefore the twentieth centuries. Tulou may be a powerful, multi-storey homes, typically circular in form, with a really thick, ‘almost six feet’ of mud walls, strengthened with wood, bamboo and stones, with access to the central yard through one door solely. The result’s a well-lit, well-ventilated, windproof and earthquake-proof building that’s heat in winter and funky in summer.
Tulous typically have only 1 main gate, guarded by 4–5-inch-thick or 100–130 millimeter wood doors strengthened with AN outer shell of iron plate. the highest level of those earth buildings has gun holes for defensive functions. within the middle of the stone yard may be a little building performing arts ceremonial functions like weddings, funerals, prayer. The yard is enclosed by wood corridors resulting in housing consisting of 2 or 3 rooms. the 2 lowest floors of Tulou area unit large, don’t have windows and area unit most ordinarily used as warehouses and granaries, whereas homes area unit situated on top of the second floor.
Tulou area unit known as “small kingdoms” or “small towns” as a result of they match the total kinship group and may house up to eighty0 individuals or 80 families every. Tulou 1st emerged as early because the thirteenth century, however the foremost advanced homes in-built the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
Tulou style exercises not solely residential and defensive functions, however conjointly provides the harmony and peace of mind due to the subordination of the foundations of principle. within the province of Fujian is presently forty six Tulou gathered in many teams, of that the most important and best famous Chuxi, Tianluokeng, Hekeng, Gaobei, Dadi, Hongkeng and Yangxian. In 2008 Fujian Tulou, selected as United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization World Heritage web site, may be a little and specialised subgroup of tulou, famous for his or her distinctive form, massive scale, and ingenious structure. There area unit quite twenty,000 tulou in southern Fujian, still stand nowadays, 10 of that area unit over 600 years recent.
The oldest one, “Fu Xing Lou” in Hu autoimmune disease city, was made over one,200 years agone and is considered a “living fossil” of the development sort of central China.